Hockney is a brilliant draughtsman, the best known British painter of his generation, who gained international success from his mid-twenties. His work has a homo-erotic strain, and became widely popular through its satirical imagery and its attractive images of swimming pools, showers and Californian life. Hockney attended Bradford School of Art, 1953-7, and the Royal College of Art, 1959 - 62; there he won a Gold Medal and the Guinness Award for Etching. His studies had been interrupted for a two-year period of hospital work as a consicentious objector.
Hockney worked at various times in London, Paris and California, but from 1977 was based in Los Angeles, where the light had a marked influence in his work.
In 1962 he was instructor at Maidstone College of Art, then trhough the 1960's held various teaching appointments at the Universities of Iowa, Colorado and California, and was Slade Professor of Fine Art, Cambridge University, 1990. Hockney won painting prizes at the John MOores Liverpool Exhibition, 1961 and 1967, to which he added major awards in Paris, Cracow, Stuttgart and New York, for graphics and photography. Hockney had his first -ne-man show at Kasmin Gallery, 1963, the Alan Gallery in New York, 1964, then had a continuous stream of international one-man shows. Notable in later years were appearances at Los Angeles County Museum of Art (travelling to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), and retrospective at the Tate Gallery, 1988 and Manchester City of Art Gallery, 1996. Hockney's work is held by the Tate Gallery, Victoria & Albert Museum of Art and elsewhere. Notable works for the printed page are his etched illustrations for Cavafy's Poems, 1967 and Six Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm 1969. For the stage he designed set and costumes for Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress and Mozart's The Magic Flute. His book David Hockney by David Hockney appeared in 19176, That's The Way I See It in 1993 and he recently published his latest work Camera Lucida in 2001. He was elected RA in 1991 and was made Companion of Honour in 1997.